Posted On 08 Oct 2018
This U.S. federal holiday commemorates the date when Christopher Columbus first set foot in the Americas. In the USA it is observed on the Second Monday in October.
Though Columbus Day is one of the 10 U.S. legal federal holidays, it is not considered a major one. There will be no postal service.
It is a Federal Reserve Bank holiday, so while banks may open, some transactions will not be processed. Most businesses remain open and retail stores may run special sales.
The New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq remain open on this federal holiday.
Columbus Day is no longer observed in every state. For a detailed list of which states observe Columbus Day, please use our state by state guide.
Even if a state observes Columbus Day as a holiday, some state offices may be still be open.
In addition to a state level, in many cities the day is now celebrated as Native Americans’ Day or Indigenous People’s Day.
According to data from the Society for Human Resource Management, only 14% of organizations closed on Columbus Day in 2014.
Columbus’ voyages across the Atlantic Ocean initiated the European exploration and colonization of the Americas.
While the first voyage in 1492 was immensely significant, Columbus did not actually reach the American mainland until his third voyage in 1498.
Instead, while trying to find a sea route to India, he made landfall on an island in the Bahamas that he named San Salvador.
While there had been celebrations in 1792 to mark the 300th anniversary, Columbus Day was first officially proclaimed by President Benjamin Harrison in 1892, to mark the 400th anniversary of Columbus’ landing in the Bahamas.
Colorado was the first US state to make Columbus Day an official holiday and Franklin Roosevelt established the first federal observance of Columbus Day in 1937. Since 1971, the holiday has been celebrated on the second Monday in October.